Home Painting How To Paint Walls: Introductory Methods Of Home Painting

How To Paint Walls: Introductory Methods Of Home Painting


Painting can be a complicated and time-consuming process. My friend, Dustin, and I dealt with this the hard way when we were painting the walls within my room. I recently moved into a new house, but I was not too fond of the paint color of the walls in my room. The paint color was dull white, and I wanted the walls of my room to look sky bluish. I called Dustin over to help me out with painting the walls.

We had all the materials like the roller, paint (various colors), drop cloths, paint brushes, painter’s tape, sandpaper, and step ladders. Anxious to get started on the painting, we forgot to remove accessories from the wall like light switch plates, outlet covers, and whatnot. We didn’t bother to plan our approach with the painting process.

Despite some trouble here and there, we managed to finish painting my room. It looked like we painted every part of the wall, so we called it a day and let the paint dry. I waited for two days and then checked on how my bedroom looked. The walls now looked so much better with sky blue paint.

I ended up noticing something though. Dustin and I missed parts of the wall when we were painting. The corners still showed a bit of white, even around the outlet covers and light switch plates. We forgot to double-check any spots we missed while painting. Our failure to plan things irritated me, but I took out my painting materials and went back to painting the room.

This time, I was thorough when painting my room. I planned what I was going to do. To start with, I removed any furniture and accessories that may get in the way as I’m painting. Once I finished that, I got to painting. I added another coat of sky blue paint to the walls and checked for any spots I’ve missed.

It took less long this time to paint compared to last time when Dustin helped me out. Once finished, I had a feeling of satisfaction, since I know I did an excellent job this time.


Painting is arguably a tedious and time-consuming process that requires concentration and precision in terms of paying strict attention to minor details. This involves paying attention to the directions of the brush strokes as you move the paintbrush and roller and seeing if the brushstrokes are consistent. It shows on the wall and you have to make sure you stay consistent with the color of paint you use and how the brushstrokes look.

In the process though, you have to be careful with getting paint on you as you’re painting the walls. Before taking all of that into account however, there’s a number of procedures before painting that you have to do. It involves planning your approach in painting a room, finding the right color and shade of paint to use when painting the walls inside a building, picking up the right tools for painting and preparing your work area.

Preparation For Painting

To start off with, the tools you’ll need are as follows;

Painting materials

First, remove any accessories from the walls in terms of outlet covers, light-switch plates, thermostats, and other items. It’s necessary in order to prevent any potential obstructions as you’re painting the wall. The next thing to do is remove any furniture within the room that can potentially get in the way as you’re painting.

Procedures In Painting

This list goes over the many steps to take in preparation for painting walls. The process is separated into 3 parts, with various steps in each of them. They are as follows:


  • Plan out your approach
  • Find and purchase painting tools and materials
  • Determine how much paint you’ll need
  • Remove accessories from the wall
  • Move any furniture away from within the room
  • Lay down a drop cloth to catch any spilled paint
  • Clean the surface of a wall
  • Cover adjacent surfaces with painter’s tape

Applying the Primer

  • Proceed in applying primer onto the wall (roller and paintbrush are recommended)
  • Use a handheld paintbrush to fill in any extra gaps using the primer
  • Give the primer about 4 hours to dry completely

Painting the Wall

  • Choose the right type of paint
  • Mix the paint thoroughly using an electric paint mixer or handheld stirrer
  • Start painting outer edges at the trim by hand
  • Paint the interior of the wall
  • Apply multiple coats of paint (if necessary)
  • Allow the paint to set up and dry overnight
Taping the Walls

Cleaning The Wall Before Painting

In terms of cleaning the surface of the wall, use a clean cloth or sponge with warm water in order to clean the walls. You should try to avoid overdoing it and soaking the walls. Once finished with cleaning the walls, use painter’s tape to protect the trim at the top and bottom of the wall and around the doorway.

Make sure to line up the edges of the tape precisely and carefully in order to avoid doing an uneven and lop-sided job with the painting. There are multiple sizes of painter’s tape. They range from 30 to 72 yards in length and 0.7 inches to 3 inches in width.

How to paint walls

Color And Amount Of Paint To Use

Before painting, it’s recommended to plan out the color scheme and how you want the room to look like. It’s also good to find a color and shade that complements the furniture and art in your room or the floor of your room. Take a few shades of paint of your choice and test them to see which goes well with the room.

Once you find the right shade of paint you want to use, get a gallon of it to use for painting. One gallon is usually the right amount of paint to get when painting a room.


Another thing to do before painting is check for cracks, holes, dents or other imperfections on the wall. If you find any of them, use caulk or a lightweight spackling compound and putty knife to fill and repair any holes or imperfections.

Remove excess spackling with the putty knife and let it dry completely. Use a small piece of very fine 220-grit sandpaper or a sanding sponge to smooth the repaired areas flush with the surface. Wipe the walls clean with a damp towel or sponge and allow them to dry as well.

Applying The Primer

The second part of the painting process is applying the primer. Buying a gallon of standard white primer is highly recommended in order for the new paint color to stand out. It further helps in helping the paint stick and cutting down how many layers of paint to put on the wall in order to achieve a certain depth of color. The next thing to do is use the roller to apply the primer onto the wall. Avoid leaving any bare patches when applying the primer.

That could end up affecting the final color of the paint. You can see the difference when you’re applying paint on primer and when you’re applying the paint on parts of the wall without primer. It leads to inconsistency in terms of the paint job.

After using the roller to take care of a grand majority of the work, use a handheld paintbrush in order to take care of any areas that are hard-to-reach or require a lot more precision. Corners, alcoves and the spaces around the trim and wall fixtures are especially worth paying attention to.

Once finished with applying the primer, let it dry for about 4 hours. Keeping a window open or using a fan or air conditioner helps with making the primer dry faster as well.

Cutting In

Cutting in is a painting process where, before you start painting, you outline the room. Use a paintbrush to create 2- to 3-inch bands around the edges, corners, and frames of a room that a roller can’t reach. 

When cutting in, you can try to do the entire room at one time. However, your border areas will dry before you overlap them using a primer. This leads to a difference in sheen because the two coats won’t blend.

Painting The Wall (Mixing)

Next is the painting itself. The first thing to do is brainstorm on the color and texture of paint you want to use. Pastels are used to brighten up the half-bath or sitting room, whereas darker shades can add a sense of size and dimension to communal areas like the kitchen. It all the more adds complexity to the painting process when you have to think about how the paint looks once applied on the wall.

Make sure to get a gallon of that paint you’re going to use in order to avoid running out of it. Before using the paint, use an electric paint mixer or handheld stirrer in order to blend the paint to an even consistency, which leads to better coverage and a smoother look and finish.

Doing this is meant to prevent the oils and pigments from separating from each other. Mixing your paint before applying it on the walls is thus very important regardless of if the paint is brand new or old.

Painting The Wall (Paintbrush & Roller)

Next, dip the tip of the paintbrush 2 inches into the paint and start working on the trim. Follow along the painter’s tape and consistently use smooth, linear strokes when painting the trim. After painting the outer edges of the wall using a paintbrush, now use the roller to take care of the rest of the painting.

The best way in painting with a roller is brushing in an “M” or “W” pattern. Another way is alternating between those patterns in order for the wall to be completely covered with paint.

Repeat the patterns until the wall is completely filled in. If you want the color of the paint to be a deeper shade, apply another coat of paint. Paint the follow-up coat the same way as explained previously.

Once finished with painting another coat, wait 2-4 hours for the paint to dry before working on another coat. Most walls using don’t require more than a couple of coats, but extra coats do help when you’re trying to get a wall to have a darker shade of color.

Painting in a "M" pattern using a roller


Finally, the last thing to do is double-check for any thin spots, lumps, drips or other problem areas. If there’s nothing else that needs to be done in terms of the painting and you’re satisfied with how the wall looks, remove the painter’s tape and let the paint dry for 24-48 hours.


Painting Procedures: How To Texture Walls

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: Is it necessary to add multiple coats of paint?

A: Yes and also no. That mostly depends on how you want your wall to look. Generally, you’d want a couple of coats of paint in order to help give the color a deeper shade. If you don’t want the paint to have a deeper shade, you avoid having there be too much coats of paint. It altogether depends on personal preference.


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